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Metro Area Employment and Unemployment – July 2020

The latest report on metro area employment and unemployment mirrors the statewide report released two weeks ago.  Unemployment rates generally edged higher, while payroll employment surged.

As shown in the figure and table below, unemployment rates were unchanged in Northwest Arkansas and Texarkana but were higher in the state’s other metro areas.  Hot Springs and Pine Bluff saw increases of 0.2 percentage points.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Smoothed Seasonally Adjusted Metropolitan Area Estimates
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Smoothed Seasonally Adjusted Metropolitan Area Estimates

Although rates edged higher in July, they are still well below the levels of a year ago, having fallen by at least one-half of a percentage point over the past twelve months.

Payroll Employment
Nonfarm payroll employment increased sharply across the state. Hot Springs was the only exception, with payrolls unchanged for the month.  In Little Rock and Texarkana, the percentage increase for July exceeded even the unusually-large 0/9% increase reported for the state.  Compared to a year ago, employment increases range from 1.5% in Hot Springs to 5.4% in Northwest Arkansas.  With the July gains, only Hot Springs and Pine Bluff remain below pre-pandemic employment levels.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Employment Statistics (CES)

The figure below shows payroll employment trends since the start of 2020.  Interestingly, the two metro areas that remain below pre-pandemic employment levels, Hot Springs and Pine Bluff, experienced the two opposite extremes during the pandemic months:  Hot Springs was the hardest-hit in early 2020, declining by nearly 18% from February to April, while the downturn in Pine Bluff was less than 7%.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Employment Statistics (CES)